The President of the Security Council is Mahima
Welcome to the Security Council, the committee responsible for establishing and maintaining global peace and security. Though unsuccessful in its thematic aim, demonstrated by the proliferation of areas decidedly without peace nor security, the Security Council continues to operate with success: notably in the prevention of any major global conflict following WW2, as well as its consistent condemning of actions that jeopardise international security. But the UN’s predilection for condemning atrocities can be thwarted by P5 powers seeking to extend their spheres of influence, as was recently witnessed in the recent unrest in Myanmar, our first issue. We will also be debating peacekeeping in Sub-Saharan Africa, the new Jihadist battleground. The Security Council is a very dynamic committee, with real-life developments continually implicating our issues.
Remarkably, MUNHIGH21's Security Council marks a shift away from the domination of this committee by Western Powers, with 12 non-Western powers. Unfortunately, veto powers for the P5 remain. The governance of the world sadly remains firmly in the hands of anachronistic, inefficient organisations.
Myanmar, a country in South-East Asia, is no stranger to internal turmoil and UN sanctions. Governed from 1960 to 2010 by a brutal military regime, who ceded to the pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi in 2011, the country has fallen again under military control after a coup on February 1st 2021. The seizure of power by the military combined with the imprisoning of prominent pro-democracy leaders triggered mass protests nationwide. Fears that military rule could worsen the Rohingya Muslim genocide are high; the military crackdowns on the Rohingya during junta rule culminated in a 'textbook example of ethnic cleansing.' Despite UN action in the form of sanctions, humanitarian aid, and ongoing ICJ proceedings, the genocidal activities of the military continue. The situation in Myanmar lays bare the inadequacies of international entities who rule by the normative force of human rights. When countries demonstrate a flagrant disregard for human rights and democracy, systemic failings in the UN allows these violations to persist. In committees, we should discuss the role of the UN in holding wrongdoers accountable, and what sort of concrete action must be taken. Furthermore, the assault on democracy is part of a wider global trend, begging a discussion surrounding democracy’s failings, the bolstering of autocracy, and the ensuing consequences for global peace and security.
Terrorism poses a threat to global peace and security. Although terrorism worldwide is largely on the decline, the Sub-Saharan landscape tells a different story. Seven of the ten countries with the largest increase in terrorism are located in sub-Saharan Africa. State terror groups have merged with global terrorist networks; current counter-terrorism measures are proving insufficient. Conditions of desperation make individuals in Sub-Saharan Africa ripe for recruitment into these terrorist cells. High unemployment rates, persistent instability, and hampered democratic governance impedes economic growth-the circumstances are prime terror fodder. In committees, we will discuss and debate the UN's imperative to combat terrorism in this region.
Your role is to engage in what is essentially role-play for intellectuals- in the loosest sense- to resolve these most pertinent threats to global security. I wish you luck, debate of the fruitful variety, and most of all, an enjoyable Saturday.
Your Head Chair,
MEMBERS OF THE sc
Central African Republic
United States of America
All resolutions must be submitted by Friday 5th March (11:59 pm)
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